A study written by Isabel Zizold, member of the Genealogical Investigation Institute, Published in Volume No.5 of the Institution’s Bulletin for 1950 -1951


The lineage of the NIETO family has its origin in the mountains of Leon, from where it spread through all the Iberian Peninsula, and later on, a branch of the family settled in the West Indies.


It’s Nobility was repeatedly proven in the Military Orders of Santiago, Calavatrava, Alcantara and San Juan de Jerusalem; at the Royal Chancelry of Valladolid and in Oviedo’s Royal Audience.



It’s Coat of Arms; Divided vertically in two halves, the first one gules, the second azure, over both a golden lion surrounded by four silver fleur-de-lis and four fig leaves alternatingly.


The first known member of this family is Don Gonzalo Nieto Principe who settled in Potosi, being Alderman and Ruler of its Municipal Council.  He married Dona Angele Farfan de los Godos.  They had several sons, amidst which Don Francisco Nieto Principe Farfan de los Godosmoved from Potosi to Moquegua where he lived.



Don Francisco Nieto Principe Farfan de los Godos married Dona Lorenza Martinez de Quintanilla y Valdivia Reynoso, who was born in Moquegua.  Don Francisco’s last will and testament dated 1686 can be found there.


Dona Lorenza was daughter of Don Jacinto Martinez de Quintanilla and Dona Luisa de Valdivia Reynoso,

Granddaughter of Don Bartolome Martinez de Quintanilla and Dona Luisa Ladron de Guevara Rodriquez de Silva

Second Granddaughter of Don Pedro Ladron de Guevara y Sisa (the Sisa’s belonged to a noble Inca family) Magistrate of the Villa de Moquegua, and Dona Luisa Rodriquez de Silva y del Pozo.

Third Granddaughter of Don Pedro Ladron de Guevara a native from Madrid, Conqueror and later resident in Cuzco, where he married Dona Catalina Sisa, daughter of Don Gaspar Rodriquez de Silva born in Potosi and Dona Maria del Pozo from Chuquisaca.







The ancient lineage of Ladron de Guevara descends from Don Ladron Velez de Guevara, Peer of the Nobility of Castile, Lord of Pennant and Cauldron to whom the King of Navarre Don Garcia Ramirez, known as “The Restorer” granted the title of Count in the year 1135.


Descendants of Conqueror Don Pedro Ladron de Guevara can be found in Cuzco, Arequipa, Moquegua and Lima.



Divided into four escutcheons; The first and fourth over golden background, Three gules ribbons decorated with silver Indian sandals (cotizas), all of them trimmed with sable ermine furs.  The second and third over gules background, five silver sotuer panels on each.



A Privilege that the King granted to the Lords of Castile when they helped him at war, by which they could use their own pennon or banner and were permitted to levy their own people, the cauldron being an insignia that they would maintain these warriors at their own expense.



Founder of the Moquegua Branch of the family had six sons from his marriage to Dona Lorenza Martinez de Quintanilla:


  1. Don Gonzalo Nieto y Martinez de Quintanilla grandparent of the First and Second counts of Alastaya who married Dona Josefa de Penaloza y Velez de Cordova and in a second marriage Dona Maria Fernandez Maldonado Churruca Yenez de Montenegro.
  2. Dona Catalina who married Don Francisco de Penaloza y Velez de Cordova
  3. don Teodoro, married to Dona Andrea Fernandez Davila
  4. Dona Josefa, married to Don Juan de Valencia
  5. Don Felix
  6. Don Jose



(Had five sons from his first marriage and a daughter from the second)


  1. Don Francisco Nieto de Penaloza married first to Dona Maria de Roa y Carbajal                                                                     (they were parents of the First and Second Counts of Alastaya.Don Francisco Nieto de Penaloza as a widower married *Dona Elena Hurtado de Mendoza Zapata.*


  1. Don Juan Jose who married first Dona Nicolasa Fernandez Davila y Fernandez Maldonado then Dona Aurelia Cornejo y Castro who was his second wife


  1. Dona Agustina who married Don Jose Perez de Tudela y Perez del Cuadro Hurtado de Mendoza y Vizcarra, Major constable of the Village of Moquegua.


  1. Dona Constanza who married twice; first Don Jose de Velasco, and second Don Francisco de Puertas.


  1. Dona Lorenza who married Don Jose Ramos de Puertas


  1. Dona Nicolasa Nieto y Fernandez Maldonado, who married her nephew,

Don Antonio Nieto y Roa, Second Count of Alastaya.



Dona Elena Hurtado de Mendoza Zapata (The house of Zapata descends from King Sancho Abarca of Aragon, the members of this family being Landlords of this kingdom where their first ancestral mansion was built.  Dona Elena Hurtado de Mendoza Zapata, second wife of don Francisco Nieto de Penaloza was a descendant of this noble house.  The first of this family to settle in Peru was don Roman Hurtado de Mendoza, legitimate son of Don Antonio Hurtado de Mendoza from Valladolid, and Dona Ana Perez del Pozo.  He came to Lima as a companion to his relative, Viceroy Don Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, Marquis of Canete.  Later he settled in Moquegua and married Dona Mercedes Villamizar Bueno de Arana.  Their descendants are the Counts of Cumbres Altas and other families that still live in the New World.


COAT OF ARMS OF ZAPATA: Over silver background three sable shoes framed in sinople (vert) with eight escutcheons, each one with a sable sash.



(whose last will is dated 1671) Sergeant Major and Perpetual Governor of Moquegua, had three sons by his first marriage and five sons by his second marriage.

  1. Don Ignacio Nieto y Roa, First Count of Alastaya
  2. Don Antonio, Second Count of Alastaya, married to Dona Nicolasa Nieto y Fernandez Maldonado (his aunt)
  3. Dona Barbara married to Don Francisco de Valcarcel y Nieto
  4. Don Vicente Nieto y Hurtado Zapata who married Dona Narcisa de Zapatier, daughter of Don Jose de Zapatier and Dona Francisca de Valcarcel y Nieto.
  5. Dona Mariana, married with Don Nicolas Melendez from Arequipa, son of Don Juan Melendez and Dona Teresa Salazar.
  6. Don Francisco, married to Dona Maria del Carmen Marquez, They were the parents of the Great Marshall Don Domingo Nieto.
  7. Dona Manuela, married Don Jose Diez Canseco y Moscoso, Legitimate son of Francisco Diez Canseco Gomez Butron and Dona Maria Josefa Moscoso y Zegarra.
  8. Dona Juana Married Don Pablo de Boluarte y Rizo born in Baza, Spain who was the son of Don Pedro Boluarte and Dona Maria del Rosario del Rizo.



Founder of the vinculum and earldom of Alastaya, was Lieutenant Colonel of the Militia and Colonel of the Infantry Regiment of the Village of Moquegua.  The title of Count was granted to him by a Royal Expedient signed by His Majesty Don Carlos III on the tenth of October 1769, with the previous Viscountship of Altagracia, as well as the “Excension de Lanzas” dated October 26, 1769.  “Information” on March 17th 1772, and “Auxiliary” on May 28th 1772.  All these documents we have at hand.

(Excension de Lanzas: Exemption to pay certain tributes or taxes to the Royal Treasure)



The first Count of Alastaya used as personal blazon, the four escutcheons belonging to his four family names: Nieto, Roa, Penalosa, and Carvajal:


Nieto:               Divided vertically in gules and azure backgrounds, a golden lion in the center of them, and four silver fleur de lis alternating with four fig leaves as a border


Roa:                 Over silver background, seven sinople panels and a golden border with five gules lions.


Penaloza:          Over silver background three azure ostrich feathers


Carbajal:          On golden background a transversal sable band



The Roa’s origin is found at the village that bears its name in the Burgos province.  The Grand Master of the Army Don Jose de Roa, born in Tarazona, Aragon, and later Corregidor or Magistrate in the village of Moquegua around 1683, had a son, Don Jose Roa Perez de Tudela.  Don Jose married Dona Francisca Perez de Tudela.  Their son Don Jose married Dona Clara de Carvajal y Velez de Cordova and they had amidst other sons Dona Maria, who in turn married Don Francisco Nieto de Penaloza around 1724  or 1725.



The Penaloza were descendants of Captain Pedro de Penaloza from Granada, legitimate son of Captain Juan de Penaloza official of that Andalusian city and from Dona Maria de Herrera.  First he settled in the port of Arica, and around 1616 he moved to the valley of Moquegua where he married Dona Maria Fernandez Davila and had six sons (one of them was Don Pedro, Major Constable of the Holy Office from 1674 to 1683).  The second son, Don Juan de Penaloza Fernandez Davila was captain of the Army, and in the year 1698 he became “Mayordomo” or Manager of the Noble brotherhood of the Most Holy Virgin (Confradia Noble de la Purisima Concepcion).  He married Dona Ana Velez de Cordova, and among other children they had Dona Josefa, who married Don Gonzalo Nieto de Guintanilla.




The Carbajal family comes from King Ferdinand II of Leon.  Captain Franciso Hernandez de Carvajal born in Truxillo de Extremadura, legitimate son of Don Francisco Hernandez and Dona Leonor de Carvajal. Settled in Moquegua.  He was a wine merchant.  His testament is dated around 1696 – 1699.  He married Dona Josefa Velez de Cordova y Ladron de Guevara, and their daughter Dona Clara married Don Jose de Roa de Perez de Tudela.


On December 16th, 1775 The First Count of Alastaya Don Ignacio Nieto y Roa in his last will given in Buenos Aires, grants the family estate (Mayorazgo) and the title of Count of Alastaya to his brother Don Antonio Nieto y Roa and his descendants, or, in case he died without having inheritors the title and estate would be held by his other brothers, from the eldest to the youngest.


To fulfill this deed, the legitimate brother of the Count, Don Antonio Nieto y Roa, lieutenant of the Infantry Regiment of the Militia in Moquegua, was appointed as the Second Count of Alastaya.


The wife of Don Antonio, Dona Nicolasa Nieto Fernandez Maldonado by her mothers side belonged to a very ancient lineage derived from the Aldana family.  A legend goes back to the Visigoth King Theodoric who reigned around the year 507 and had a son named Suero to whom the foundation of the House of Aldana near Santiago de Compostela is attributed.


The first Knight who took the surname of Maldonado was Don Hernan Perez de Aldana, Admiral of the Navy of the King of Aragon, Alfonso “The Kind” around 1333.


COAT OF ARMS OF MALDONADO: Over gules background five silver fleur de lis in sotuer, and the inscription “Ave Maria Gratia Plen Dominus Tecum Benedicta In”.


The Fernandez –Maldonado from Moquegua descend by the feminine line from a branch of the Maldonado’s from Salamanca.  The surname was created through the marriage of Don Augustin Fernandez, of noble blood, born in Uceda archbishopric of Toledo.  He had a patent of nobility signed in Toro by Kings Fernando and Isabela on the 2nd of August 1518,  and Dona Francisca Godines Maldonado, daughter of Don Francisco Godines Maldonado, a native of Salamanca and Lord of Gallegos.  From this marriage amidst other sons Don Diego Fernandez Maldonado was born and he was the first of the family to move to Moquegua in 1585.





Don Diego married Dona Isabel de Vizcarra y Bueno de Arana, born in Moquegua, daughter of Don Diego de Vizcarra y Estrada, a knight who belonged to an ancient lineage of Vizcaya (Biscay), who was Corregidor (Governor) of Moquegua in 1582, and Dona Beatriz Bueno de Arana, daughter  of Captain Hernan Bueno y Garcia “The Younger” (a son of the Conqueror with the same name) and Dona Jeronima de Arana.


The father of Hernan “The Younger” was Hernan Bueno “The Old”, Conqueror, pacifist and colonizer of Peru, born at the village of Penafiel in Old Castile, married to Beatriz Garcia from Aranda del Duero.  He came to the Conquest of Peru with his son, and he fought in the most bloody combats, and also took part in the principal revolts between the conquerors.  “The Younger” was governor in Arequipa, its Feudatory Neighbor, Commissioner in Tacna.  He married Dona Jeronima de Arana.  He signed his last will in Moquegua the 9th May 1596 in the presence of Diego Fernandez Davila, Public Notary of his Majesty the King and although he died in Moquegua, his body lays in the church of Santo Domingo in Arequipa…”to the left side of the chapel that he, his wife and his mother in law had built”.


Following the Maldonado branch, some of its descendants became related with the family of Don Francisco Manriquye, Bishop of the Diocese of Oviedo and Osma, because two of  his brothers married with two Fernandez Maldonado ladies who lived in Cuzco.



The second Count of Alastaya had four daughters from his marriage with Dona Nicolas Nieto y Fernandez Maldonado.

  1. Dona Maria Gregoria Nieto y Nieto who married Doctor and Colonel Don Ramon de Rojas y Orueta.
  2. Dona Maria Teresa married Sergeant Major don Gregorio de la Flor y Roa, a member of the Most Honorable Order of Santiago
  3. Dona Maria Clara married Don Antonio Saenz de Texada y Vergara Gaviria (her daughter Dona Manuela Tiburcia Saenz de Texada was to ultimately inherit the title as Countess of Alastaya)
  4. Dona Eustaquia married Don Martin Herrera Hidalgo, Paymaster  of the Royal Income Office in Huamanga.


The title of Count and the Mayorazgo were ratified to the second holder by a Royal letter dated at San Ildelfonso on September the 2nd 1776.








In accordance with his last will given in Moquegua the 27th of April 1802 and in conformity with the original endowment document and the testamentarial dispositions of his brother Don Antonio Nieto y Roa the Second Count of Alastaya  appointed his eldest daughter Dona Maria Gregoria, The Third Countess of Alastaya as heiress to the Title and its rights.  Thus she held the Title since her father’s death in Moquegua on the 24th of August 1803.  The title was confirmed to her by a Royal Letter of Succession on September 3rd, 1806, which she received in the city of La Paz where she lived.  She had an adopted daughter Dona Josefa Rosa Landaverri.


Don Jose Santiago de la Flor y Nieto, son of Dona Maria Teresa, heir apparent to the Title of Alastaya once his aunt passed away, married his cousin Dona Tadea Herrera y Nieto.  They had no descendants, and his mother Dona Teresa died in 1840, two years before himself, the 17th of March 1842, and so this branch of the family was totally extinguished.


The Third Countess Of Alastaya Dona Gregoria Nieto de Rojas died when she was 88 years old in La Paz on the 24th of May 1844 and the Alastaya Succession which still had some rights over the properties entailed to the Mayorazgo according to the laws of the Republic of Peru was the beginning of a judicial cause between Dona Josefa Rosa Landavarri (adopted daughter of the Countess as she states in a codicil given in La Paz the 3rd of July 1840) and Dona Manuela Tiburcia Saenz de Texada Nieto, the inheritor of the rights, due to her mother’s death Dona Clara Nieto de Saenz de Texada.


The Bolivian Supreme Court definitely established that Dona Josefa Rosa Landaverri de Barra, wife of Don Toribio Barra (a lawyer who took part on the Independence war against Spain), was not a legitimate descendant of the Third Countess Dona Gregoria, and the Peruvian Courts also sentenced that Dona Manuela Tiburcia Saenz de Texada Nieto was the sole inheritor, because her aunt Dona Maria Teresa Nieto de la Flor daughter of the Second Count and her mother Dona Maria Clara Nieto de Saenz de Texada also a daughter of the Second Count had already passed away.



The inheritor of the Title had married in La Paz , Don Francisco Ruiz de Sorzano y Garcia de Eulate.  This gentleman being Major of the City, received and welcomed Generals Antonio Jose de Sucre and Simon Bolivar on the 7th of February and 18th of August 1825 respectively.


As the Title of Alastaya was inherited by the Tejada family in Alto Peru (today Bolivia) it is worth following its unfolding.








The very old lineage of the Saenz family has its origin in the village of Pinillos de los Cameros in Castile, where they built their ancestral mansion that still exists, and was recognized as such by a Resolution of the Royal Chancelry of Valladolid on November 5th 1658, as a manor of “Pennant and Cauldron”.


King Don Enrique granted them a coat of arms in Valladolid in 1460 and Enrique the IV and the Catholic Kings Fernando and Isabela confirmed it in Cordoba on the 10th of December 1499.  (Royal Chancelry of Granada Archives)



Divided in quarters by a Saint John Cross, in the first quarter two silver castles over sinople background, each with a banner over the homage tower.  On the second, over azure background two silver half moons with thirteen golden stars around them.  Third silver background, a gules rampant lion with a golden crown, its tongue and nails also in gold, fourth silver background, the “Texo” tree and a bear chained to its trunk.  The border checkered in gold and silver, each square ornated with thirteen azure veneers and thirteen Santiago (St. James) crosses.  As a crest a golden helmet with a crowned gules lion, its tongue and armors in gold, half of its body exposed, and as a motto Santiago’s Epistle, “Ecce beatificamus eus qui subsituerunt” Circling the coat of arms thirteen azure pennants with an inscription written in the gothic alphabet, “Laudemus virus gloriosos et parentes nostros in generatione sue”.



Was the daughter of Don Antonio Saenz de Texada y Vergara Gaviria, Granddaughter of Don Francisco de Texada and Dona Angela Garcia Larios, third Granddaughter of Don Diego Saenz de Texada and Dona Mercedes Saenz Diez, all of them from the vicinity of Terrecilla de Camero.  Fourth Granddaughter of Don Diego Saenz de Texada born in the village of Muro de Cameros and Dona Maria Ramirez, Fifth Granddaughter of Don Diego de Texada who was born in the illustrious village of Valdoseras and Dona Ana Lopez from Muro and sixth Granddaughter of Don Pedro Saenz de Texada and Dona Ana de Texada from the village of Valdoseras, well known nobles by blood and descendants of the House of Valdoseras.  Her maternal Grandparents were Don Diego de Vergara Gaviria and Dona Maria Martinez de Torroba y Segura second granddaughter of Don Joseph de Vergara Gaviria y Perez and Dona Maria de Muro third Granddaughter of Don Juan de Vergara Gaviria y Salvador and Dona Catalina Perez and fourth Granddaughter of Don Joseph de Vergara Gaviria y Calderon and Dona Maria Salazar fifth Granddaughter of Don Juan de Vergara Gaviria y Molino and Dona Francisca Calderon.





The only son of Dona Manuela Tiburcia Saenz de Texada Nieto and Don Francisco Ruiz de Sorzano Eulate was Don Jose Nicolas Ruiz de Sorzano Saenz de Texada who after his mothers death in La Paz the 3rd of January 1845 inherited the privileges of Count of Alastaya.  He married Dona Manuela Hurtado de Mendoza y Mendoza de la Mota, born in Moquegua from an illustrious family descendant of the well known house of Mendoza.  They had six sons:

  1. Francisco died without heirs November 12, 1854
  2. Manuela, Sixth Countess of Alastaya married to Don Mariano Samuel Barrice in Moquegua, without heirs
  3. Jose Gabriel died without heirs July 19, 1893
  4. Josefa, married Don Napoleon Tejada y Guzman, later Seventh Countess of Alastaya after her sister Manuela’s death
  5. Francisco died without heirs prior to 1893
  6. Jorge died without heirs prior to 1893



Upon the death of The Sixth Countess of Alastaya Dona Manuela Ruiz de Sorzano de Barrios in Moquegua the 2nd of November 1905, the privileges were inherited by her only living sister Dona Josefa Ruiz de Sorzano Mendoza, who in 1875 married the Bolivian Army ColonelDon Napoleon Tejada y Guzman, and died in La Paz the 12th of November 1918, leaving two sons and a daughter from her marriage:

  1. Angelica Victoria
  2. Jose Luis (maternal grandfather of Hutton Jose Wilkinson-Tejada) later Eighth Count of Alastaya
  3. Carlos Tejada Sorzano



The eldest male son Don Jose Luis was born in La Paz the 3rd of January 1882.  He was an illustrious politician and lawyer.  He was elected as congressman, President of the Senate, Secretary of State and above all as President of the Republic of Bolivia from November 29th1934 to May 21st 1936.  His performance was brilliant.  He married Dona Elvira Flores y Artieda a descendant of well known families from Moquegua on both her mothers and fathers sides. They had three sons and one daughter:


As a widower The Eighth Count Don Jose Luis married Dona Lucila Flores y Alayza, also from distinguished families from Moquegua and they had two descendants:

  1. Lucila Maria
  2. Ramiro Ernesto



The Eighth Count of Alastaya, Doctor Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano died in Arica, Chile, the 3rd of October 1938.


The children of The Eighth Count of Alastaya, Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano are:

  1. Luis Hernan Tejada Flores
  2. Carlos Ramiro (who died in infancy)
  3. Jose Gonzalo
  4. Carlos Ximeno
  5. Elvira Argentina Tejada – Flores (mother of Hutton Jose Wilkinson – Tejada)




The vineyards and olive tree orchards that the founder of the Title and the Right of Primogeniture attached as properties in favor of those who would have a legitimate right to the Title as he states in his Last Will and Testament (Items 13 and 14) were “A vineyard on the Moquegua Valley at the zone called Rinconada, with all its tools, which I received from my fathers with its buildings and herds which I leave an Inventory”.


In 1951 those haciendas still belonged to the family and were owned by the Tejada Sorzano and Flores Artieda branch.  Since the Peruvian Government’s law put an end to the Right of Primogeniture, these properties were freely inherited by all the descendants, without the restrictions given in 1772.  These hacienda’s known as Alastaya, Il CondeCondessa, Calaluna and Rinconada have since been sold.




On October 22nd, 2008 by virtue of which it was ordered in enforcement of a judgment, a royal letter of succession in the title of CONDE DE ALASTAYA was issued in favor of Hutton Jose Wilkinson-Tejada


Pursuant to what is provided in section 10 of the Royal Decree dated 13th of November 1922, the Spanish Ministry of Justice on behalf of his Majesty, King Juan Carols, and for the enforcement of the firm and final decision of 19 May 2008, issued by the First Instance Court no. 10 of Madrid decided to order:


First.- To revoke the Ministry Order of 19 September 1995, which prescribed the issuance of a Royal Letter of Succession in the title of CONDE DE ALASTAYA, in favour of Mr. Alejandro Irigoyen Elejalde.


Second. – To cancel the Royal Letter of Succession in the aforementioned title dated 24 October 1995, issued in virtue of the preceding Order, returning it to the Spanish Ministry of Justice  for the appropriate purposes.


Third. – To issue a Royal Letter of Succession in the title of CONDE DE ALASTAYA, in favour of Mr. Hutton José Wilkinson Tejada.


Madrid, 22 of October 2008. – Ministry of Justice, Mariano Fernandez Bermejo.